Kategorija: Experience, History

Diocletian's palace

Split is characterized by a unique origin - from the palace to the city.

Diocletian's palace

Split is characterized by a unique origin - from the palace to the city. Few cities like Split has such great and ancient origin and such a high and distinguished personality as its author and founder. 

There are not many cities in the world that can boast such as Split continuous two millenium history, history that is not only vague tradition or just a written history, but is fully present and visible in today's city. 
The creation of the city of Split is connected with the construction of Diocletian's Palace 295-305.godine which is named after its creator, the Roman Emperor Diocletian, who had it built in Romanized Illyrian settlement with greek name Aspalathos, which was established in the third or the second century BC by Isians near Illyrian settlement Salona. It could be said that the very choice of his palace location, Diocletian laid the foundation of tourism. That great Roman emperor, Caius Aurelius Valerianus Diocletianus (243-316.), Was born in Salona (Solin) or from its surroundings. From soldier to general, and finally to the emperor of the greatest empire the world he was led only by his own ability. In addition to the strengthening of external borders of the Roman Empire, he played a crucial role in extending life of Impery, spending the internal economic reforms and the last was a persecutor of Christians.
 Not waiting for the usual death of the Roman emperors by dagger or poison, he renounced the throne in 305 . and withdrew to the vast and magnificent palace which he had built around the 295. close to his native Salone. He was sick and tired of long wars, and this place attracted him as homeland becuse of its natural beauty, excellent water source and medicinal springs, which he needed as a retired old warrior and ruler, but also favorable location between Eastern and Western part of the divided Roman Empire, from where he could monitor his imperial successors. 
Tired emperor had no luck to live out a peaceful old age in his palace. t is considered taht he died in 316. Diocletian palace is one of the most important ancient monuments, the biggest and best preserved late antique palace in the world. Diocletian's Palace is huge and magnificent imperial villa, it was intended for the emperor's lifetime and resting, but is also a well-fortified camp. Good fortification required was required by danger of possible collision of Barbarians and for these reasons, the palace from the outside leaft impression of a fortress, while inside walls it was luxurious and comfortable. 
The palace is of vast proportions - occupies 30 000 square meters, which are on corners defined by two rectangular towers. Every palace land gate was further secured by two octagonal towers. Palace was divided by two broad intersecting streets (cardo and decumanus) which ended with four gates: on north by Golden Gate (Porta aurea), on east Silver Gate (Porta argentea), on west by Iron Gate (Porta Ferrea) and on south by Brass Gate (Porta Aenea) leading to the sea. Decumanus Street, which connects the eastern and western entrance to the palace, functionally divided it into two parts: the northern part with buildings for servants and army, warehouses etc and the southern part, which was intended for the imperial family. Cardo Street began at the Golden Gate and led to the Peristyle - main square, open space surrounded by arcades in front of the imperial apartments. On the left side of Peristyle was built monumental octagonal mausoleum of the emperor was built, and on its righthand side the temple of Jupiter. The emperor's apartment is entered from Peristyle through Vestibule. To straighten out the land beneath his chambers, the emperor built the cellars, which are now accessible to the public. 
Emperor Diocletian dies in 313., but life in palace continues, since it provided a refuge for exiled members of the imperial family, and served as a cloth factory. It is interesting that the last legitimate Western Roman Emperor, Julius Nepos, was poisoned in the Diocletian's palace.