Category: Experience, Sights

Marko Marulić

Marko Marulić

Formal disclosure of the monument was on 26th of July 1925. on the occasion of the opening of the railway line Zagreb-Split and helding of Major Adriatic exhibition. On the front of pedestal the sculptor Ivan Mestrovic engraved: Marko Marulić 1450. -1524. and on the back: Ivan Mestrovic donated his work. The plates were in 1942. hammer- smashed by Italian fascists. Marko Marulić (Latin Marcus Marulus Spalatensis) (Split, August 18th, 1450. - Split, 5 January 1524.) Croatian writer and Christian humanist, father of Croatian literature. Often it is assigned an adjective citizen of Split. The first use of the word psychology is attributed to the poet himself. Marulić is called the father of Croatian literature, educated poet (Poeta Doctus) , Christian poet (Poeta Christianus). His biography written by Frano Božičević Natalis, was called Vita Marci Maruli Spalatensis ("Life of Marko Marulić citizen of Split). He was active in helping the Croatian dukes in fight against the Turks. The poet's call to arms against the Turks radiate Croatian patriotism. In his writings he was inspired by the Bible, and by hagiography, by the ancient classics and church fathers, by contemporary events and Christian moral principles. European, but also world fame he gained by the spiritual and moralistic texts in Latin that in 7th and 8th century had a number of editions and translations, and were among the most widely read contemporary spiritual works. He is the main representative of the religious inspiration amongst the humanists. During the Turkish invasion of the Dalmatian cities, Marko Marulić writes epic poem «Judith», by which he wanted to encourage the citizens of Split and other Dalmatian towns to resist the Ottoman threat. His most famous work, Judith (written in 1501. published in 1521.), in versi haruacchi slozhena («arranged in Croatian stanzas»), a religious epic written in the Croatian language and «Čakavian» dialect, inspired by the Old Testament heroine Judith, by the contemporary events (the Ottoman penetration into Croatian lands), while at the same time it is the interpreter of the Christian worldview.

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