Category: Experience, Sights

Peristil

Peristil

Peristyle is main square of Diocletian palace, we could call it ”heart of palace”. It is situated on crossing of cardo and decumanus of former Diocletian palace. On three sides it is framed with 24 granite columns. The longitudinal sides are lined with two rows of columns liked together with arches. The facade sides were decorated with two sfinx, one is still standing on square almost perfectly preserved. The square facade is divided in two parts: upper leads to Vestibul, and lower leads to palace cellars. It was designated to Diocletian cult, the place where emperor spoke to inhabitants of other part of palace. Also, it linked nothern part of palace meant for servants, army and southern part where emporor lived. On its western side there were Baptistery (Jupiter temple), as well as Venera and Kibela temple, and on its eastern side there is emperor mausoleum, today’s cathedral. Significant importance of Peristyle in building terms states H.W.Janson in famous ”History of art”. ”Some lonely examples of such an arch could be found earlier, but just now on treshold of victory of Christianity, conjunction of arch and column became in full lawful” Four churches are built on Peristyle: St.Roch’s, Our Lady of Belt’s, St Philip Neri’s.and St.Barbara’s which is destroyed. None of these churces have today its original purpose. After arising new town square with new cityhall, in 13th-14th century, Peristyle becomes religious center.

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